Algorithms

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Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

Acute uncomplicated cystitis

Figure 2. Algorithm for clinical management of acute uncomplicated cystitis

Acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis

Figure 1. Algorithm of the diagnosis and treatment for acute pyelonephritis


Complicated UTIs with the neurogenic bladder

Complicated UTIs with BPH

Complicated UTIs with urolithiasis

Complicated UTIs with diabetes mellitus

Catheter-associated UTIs

Figure 1. Algorithm for diagnosis, classification and management of CAUTI and CAASB


Urogenital tuberculosis

Figure 1. Algorithm of the management of BCG-induced UGTB patient


UTIs in children

Figure 2. Top-down approach for acute imaging algorithm in children with febrile UTI


Genital Tract Infections (GTIs)

Acute bacterial prostatitis

Epididymitis

Antimicrobial prophylaxis for the prostate biopsy

Figure 1. Flow chart to choose antibiotic prophylaxis for transrectal prostate biopsy. *Alternative antibiotics may be recommended in regions where the rate of fluoroquinolone resistance is high, but levels of evidence from clinical studies are not high.


Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

Diagnostic strategy for STIs

Fig. 1. Flow chart for diagnosing of male urethritis

Gonococcal urethritis

Chlamydial urethritis

Mycoplasmal and non-chlamydial non-gonococcal urethritis

Syphilis

Genital herpes

Condyloma acuminatum

Prevention of STIs, including education